Lukas Fabian Busch, Seyed Arash Alawi
Grafting split-thickness (STSGs) and full-thickness skin grafts (FTSGs) are common techniques to replace missing skin and to restore the skin barrier in burn, trauma and remaining skin defects after tumor resections. The defect coverage with skin grafts offer many advantages, but also disadvantages such as donor site morbidity like possible sensory disturbances, scarring, risk of infection, contour changes and pigment disorders. We aimed to assess the preferred distribution of donor site for STSGs and FTSGs in patient’s skin grafting for plastic-surgical defect coverage.
Patients and their accompany persons referred to the Department of Plastic Surgery were interviewed for defect coverage with STSGs or FTSGs, the preference in donor site was investigated and the detailed advantages and disadvantages were clarified.
We evaluated 85 participants (male=43, female=42) with a median age of 42 years (mean=46 years). The definition of the donor site (n=188 markings) was mainly based on the physicians recommendation (32.98%), mobility (23.40%), aesthetic results (22.34%) and pain (21.28%). Feared complications (n=152) were mainly wound healing disorders (32.24%), circulation disorders (28.29%), scars (20.39%) and bleeding risks (19.08%). Among all participants, 79 split-skin graft preferences were specified, while 32% favored the scalp as a donor site, as well as 29% the frontal part of the left thigh and 10% the frontal part of the right thigh.
There were preferred anatomical donor sites for skin grafting. Nevertheless, in conscious patients, the donor site has to be selected in a consent talk and joint approval, preoperatively. The options of taking STSGs from the occipital region with all its advantages should be discussed intensively as it is an attractive graft donor site.
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