Mansher Singh, Gayatri Singh, Anupam Singh Chauhan, Harrison H. Lee, Justin M. Sacks, Charles S. Hultman, Mark G. Albert
In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of drugs, biological products, and medical devices. In that role, FDA releases timely updates with regard to medical devices and their possible adverse effects. However, the impact of such FDA updates on public interest has not been studied. The timing of multiple FDA updates regarding Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) was noted from September 2014 to September 2019. Impact on Public interest related to ALCL was measured using Google Trends and the number of YouTube video uploads. These objective markers were used to compare the public interest during FDA updates versus weeks with no FDA updates. Five major updates were released by FDA regarding BIA-ALCL during the past 5 years. Google Trends demonstrated a significant increase in public interest regarding ALCL during the week of FDA release, with a mean score of 69 ± 20.82 when compared with a mean score of 10.68 ± 4.71 (P < 0.001) during weeks with no FDA release. The mean number of YouTube videos uploaded during the period of FDA release was 11.8 ± 9.42, which was significantly higher than the mean of 2.42 ± 1.31 videos (P < 0.001) during the period of no FDA updates. FDA updates correlates with temporal increase in public interest. Plastic surgeons should be aware of FDA information releases on BIA-ALCL and anticipate an increased interest in additional information from patients and the public.
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