Massoud Seifi, Mahsa Jafarpour Boroujeni, Reza Tabrizi, Soodeh Tahmasbi
Since aesthetic issues are the most important causes of referring skeletal class III patients to surgeons, investigating the impact of orthognathic surgeries on improving patient profiles increases the quality of treatment and quality of life.
In a retrospective observational-analytical study, 25 patients older than 18 years with class III skeletal malocclusion who had gone under both orthodontic and double-jaw orthognathic treatment were enrolled. Cephalometric imaging interval was before and at least 6 months after surgery. By defining a number of points and coordinate axes (X-Y), a criterion for comparing hard and soft tissue changes was obtained. These measurements were coordinated, linear and angular. The quantitative data were compared with data obtained using the Likert Scale Questionnaire by means of electronic “Google Forms” that was completed by orthodontists (n=5) and maxillofacial surgeons (n=5) to rank improvement in post-surgical profiles for both cephalometry and photography from poor to pleasant. Spearman Correlation Analysis was conducted between the quantitative and qualitative data.
Vertical changes of point B and horizontal changes of point PNS showed correlation with improvement of patient profile. Changes in N-Pog line (R=-0.4), mandibular plane angle (R=-0.4) and nasolabial angle (NLA) (R=0.38) were significantly correlated with improvement of profiles.
In orthognathic double-jaw surgery on patients with skeletal Class III, forward movement of maxilla, upward positioning of mandible (decreasing anterior facial height), decreasing mandibular plane angle and increasing nasolabial angle would result in a better profile.
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